有人問我為什麼“The ladder of success in Imperial China: aspects of social mobility, 1368-1911”一書要翻譯成《明清社會史論》,根本就沒照字義翻。這個問題問得很好,相信看到下圖,就沒有疑義了。 

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雖然這本對明清史影響甚大的著作至今還沒正式出版,但徐泓老師已經以譯註的方式發表了大部分的篇幅,加上王振忠的第六章。除了結論之外,讀者亦可先睹為快。

  1. 1. 何炳棣,〈《明清社會史論》譯註本序〉,《明代研究》,18(臺北,2012),頁145-148
  2. 2. 徐泓,〈何炳棣在明清科舉與社會流動研究史上的地位:何炳棣著《明清社會史論》譯者序〉,《東吳歷史學報》,21(臺北,2009),頁191-207
  3. 3. 何炳棣著,徐泓譯注,〈第一章社會意識形態與社會階層〉,《東吳歷史學報》,21(臺北,2009),頁209-273
  4. 4. 何炳棣著,徐泓譯注,〈第二章、社會身分系統的流動性〉,《東吳歷史學報》,23(臺北,2010),頁203-260
  5. 5. 何炳棣著,徐泓譯注,〈第三章、向上流動:進入仕途〉,《明代研究》,15(臺北,2010),頁119-153
  6. 6. 何炳棣著,徐泓譯注,〈第四章、向下流動〉,《東吳歷史學報》,24(臺北,2010),頁149-197
  7. 7. 何炳棣著,徐泓譯注,〈第五章、影響明清社會流動的因素〉,《東吳歷史學報》,27(臺北,2012),頁149-224
  8. 8. 何炳棣著,王振忠譯,〈第六章、科舉和社會流動的差異〉,《歷史地理》,第11(上海,1993),頁299-316

 

附上英文目錄

I. Social Ideology and Social Stratification

The Basic Antithesis

Social Stratification

Education and Wealth as Determinants of Social Status

II. The Fluidity of the Status System

The Absence of Effective Legal Barriers to Status Mobility

Statistics on Ming Chin-shih from Special Statuses

Fluidity of the Status System Seen in Social Literature

The Permeation of Society by Confucian Ideology

III. Upward Mobility: Entry into Officialdom

A Brief Criticism of Sources

Statistics

IV. Downward Mobility

Sample Genealogical Records

Human Environment

The Competitiveness of the Examination System

The Limited Scope of Yin

Dilution of Wealth

The Family System

Summary

V. Factors Affecting Social Mobility

Examination and State Schools

Community Schools and Private Academies

Sundry Community Aids for Examination Candidates

The Clan System

Printing

Wars and Social Upheavals

Demographic and Economic Factors

VI. Regional Differences in Socioacademic Success and Mobility

Population of the Provinces

Distribution of Academic Success by Provinces

Regional Differences in Mobility Rates

Academically Outstanding Localities

VII. Recapitulation and Conclusion

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